Morality and Virtue in The Prince by Machiavelli

Morality and Virtue in The Prince by Machiavelli

What is good and is it always wise to choose virtue over vice? What if choosing to do good led to your demise, would you still do good or would you consider being cunning and maybe appear to be whatever is needed in that situation which leads to your well-being. In...
Existential Arguments Against the Scientific Paradigm

Existential Arguments Against the Scientific Paradigm

On Being and Truth: Existentialist arguments against the authority of rational thinking and the scientific paradigm The universe and our world are governed by natural laws, and these laws we as humans or more specifically the scientists among us, can discover and...
The Age of Enlightenment: One or Many?

The Age of Enlightenment: One or Many?

What was the age of enlightenment? Was it a unified and distinct movement that took place in 18th century Europe or is the story of the Enlightenment much more complicated and multifaceted than that? In this article I’ve decided to zero in on precisely this...
A Brief History of How Magic Developed in Modern Europe

A Brief History of How Magic Developed in Modern Europe

How did the concept or practice of magic really begin in the West? We know for example that the religion of the ancient Egyptians was in some regards indistinguishable from certain definitions we have of magic, especially ritual magic. But how did magic begin in...
The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt (2134 – 1690 BCE)

The Middle Kingdom of Ancient Egypt (2134 – 1690 BCE)

Middle Kingdom marks the reunion and resurrection of the once united and powerful Egypt of the Old Kingdom. The 11th dynasty begins with Mentuhotep II reuniting the fragmented parts of Egypt into one single country. The 11th dynasty began building big once again and...
The First Intermediate Period of Ancient Egypt (2181 – 2050 BCE)

The First Intermediate Period of Ancient Egypt (2181 – 2050 BCE)

First Intermediate Period marks the period of perhaps the most severe political, economical and cultural “crisis” in ancient Egyptian history. In this period the 7-10th dynasty is included and also the first part of the 11th dynasty with the ancestral Mentuhotep I and...

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